Use These Commonly Confused Words Correctly

Source(s): penpaland.com 
English language is a domicile to a legion of confused words. They
are deceiving and elude our mental grasp. But fret not, we promise
assistance in disentangling you from the maelstrom of commonly confused
words.
“Your grammar is a reflection of your image. Good or bad, you have
made an impression. And like all impressions, you are in total control.”
― Jeffrey Gitomer
Mr. Dumbledore once remarked, “Words are, in my not-so-humble
opinion, our most inexhaustible source of magic. Capable of both
inflicting injury, and remedying it.” By this he just didn’t mean the
spells and charms that wizards slung at each other but something of
great depth that concerns the realm of English grammar. In other words,
it means that it is time for you to start remedying for the many
bloopers that you committed, which caused serious injury to
grammar-abiding mortals.English grammar can be likened to a wispy Edwardian wraith, dear ones, it’s elegant, sophisticated, and yet it provokes trepidation. It is very natural to feel intimidated by it,
but fear is a debility and one must prevail over it. Yeah. Good preptalk. Now let’s get down to understanding these commonly confused wordsand save ourselves from embarrassment.Given below are some commonly confused words with their meaning from the Free Dictionary along with their correct usage.

Affect vs. Effect
 
Affect means to have an influence on or effect a change in; to act on the emotions of; touch or move.

Example

• Susan’s sudden expulsion affected all her friends.• It is really astounding to know how technology affects our life.Effect is a noun which means something that is brought about by a cause or agent; a result.

Example
• His resignation will have little effect on the committee.

• A monstrous tsunami will have a terrible effect on the marine life.

Accept vs. Expect
 
Accept means to receive (something offered), especially with gladness or approval.Example
• They accepted her boyfriend at the end.• Jean accepted her defeat with dignity.

Except means to leave out or exclude.

Example
• Jacob invited everyone to his yacht party except Tina.

• The entire house was cold, except for the dining room because of the fireplace.
Uninterested vs. Disinterested
Uninterested means having or showing no feeling of interest; indifferent.

Example
• Jenna was very frigid and uninterested.

• She seemed uninterested in the project so we decided to do it ourselves.

Disinterested means free from bias or partiality; objective.

Example
• Judges are expected to make disinterested decisions.

• We called in on my mother who is known to give disinterested advice.
Note
Whileboth uninterested and disinterested can be used to mean ‘not interested, apathetic’, the latter is more commonly used to mean’impartial’ or someone who is not affected by personal feelings,concerns, opinions, etc.

Lay vs. Lie
Lay means to cause to lie down.Example
• Samantha ordered the nanny to lay Kris in the crib.• I lay my clothes on the table by the bedroom window.

Lie means to be or place oneself at rest in a flat, horizontal, or recumbent position; recline.

Example
• Rupert likes to lie on the linoleum and watch TV.

• The doctor told me to lie down on the bed.
Note
Lay
vs. lie makes one classic case of word confusion. While both lie and
lay are present tense words, they are however, very different in their
usage. Lie is an intransitive verb, which means it cannot have an
object, whereas lay is a transitive verb which means it has to have an
object.

So in the example, Samantha ordered the nanny to lay Kris
in the crib, the subject Samantha set the baby (object) in the crib.
While in the second example, Rupert likes to lie on the linoleum and
watch TV, Rupert, the subject is setting himself down, hence there is no
object.
Elicit vs. Illicit
Elicit means to draw or bring out or forth; evoke.

Example
• His jokes elicited no laughs.

• Jane tried hard to elicit information from Sally.

Illicit is an adjective which means not allowed or approved by common custom, rule, or standard.

Example
• Ashley had an illicit affair with her neighbor.

• He was incarcerated for possessing illicit drugs.

Loose vs. Lose
 
Loose has many meanings but as an adjective it means not fastened, restrained, or contained.Example
• A leaf came loose and flew in the air.Loose as verb means to set free or release, as from confinement, restraint, or obligation.

Example
• Erick loosed the birds from the cage.
Lose means to fail to keep or maintain; to suffer the loss or deprivation of; to fail to get or make use of, etc.

Example
• Ginny keeps losing her temper over trivial things.

• Jane lost her grandmother to Alzheimer’s.
There vs. Their
This
is a source of bamboozling for a lot of English speakers, since, both,
there and their sound similar. In other words, they are homophones.
There means at or in that place.

Example
• There is no way I’m going to involve myself into this.

• Your books are kept over there.
Their is a possessive adjective which means something that belongs to them.

Example
• Nicolas wanted to drive their car.

• It was their responsibility to take care of the house.

Desert vs. Dessert
 
Desert is a large area of land where there is very little water or rain, no trees, and very few plants.Example
• Animals living in the desert are adapted to live in extreme climatic conditions.Desert as a verb means to abandon.

Example
• He was deserted by his friends because of his whimsical nature.

Dessert means sweet food served at the end of a meal.

Example

• The host had made five different types of cheesecakes for dessert.
Principal vs. Principle
Principal as an adjective means first or highest in rank or importance.

Example
• Alexis was their principal source of information pertaining to the case.

Principal
as a noun means the head of a school or other educational institution;
the chief instrumentalist in a section of the orchestra or the leading
performer in a play.

Example
• Mrs. Schindler is the new principal of Arizona local school.

Principle means a standard or rule of personal conduct; a fundamental or general truth or law.
• A man with no moral principles cannot be trusted.
Flout vs. Flaunt
Flout means to ignore or disregard (a rule or convention, for example) in an open or defiant way.

Example
• Mason was jailed for flouting traffic rules.

• She is an enfant terrible who is known for flouting convention.

Flaunt means to show off in order to attract attention to oneself.

Example
• Miranda was seen flaunting her expensive cocktail dress in the party.

• He likes flaunting his British accent.